Damask rose essential oilEssential Oils for skincare

About Rose Damascena

INCI name
Essential oil name
Damask rose essential oil
Bulgaria, Turkey, Iran
Part used
Gentle, sweet
Extraction method
Steam distillation
1L of Rose essential oil requires 5 tons of rose petals

About the plant

Latin name
Rosa ×damascena
Botanical family
Plant detail
The plant, a hybrid derived from Rosa gallica, Rosa moschatais and Rosa fedtschenkoana, is a shrub that can reach 1-meter high

Our expert Dr Françoise Couic Marinier tells you all about essential oils.

The rose is widely considered the most beautiful flower in the world; however, it is not only its physical beauty and fragrant aroma that is enticing. The Essential Oil it produces has a myriad of benefits for the body and mind, and has been used in aromatherapy for thousands of years.

Benefits of Rose Essential Oil

1. Antioxidant

Rose Essential Oil is full of antioxidants that can detox your body and skin and promote healthy living.

Many Essential Oils are rich in antioxidants, so look to others such as lemon oil [link to Decléor lemon oil article when online] and peppermint oil [link to Decléor peppermint oil article when online] for ultimate rejuvenation.

2. Antimicrobial

The citral compound found in Rose Essential Oil has strong antimicrobial properties. When applied topically, it can help to purify the complexion and boost skin health.

“Rose oil’s antibacterial and antiseptic properties are also used to treat the flu, colds and bronchitis”, elaborates Dr Couic Marinier.

3. Fights depression

Rose oil has been shown to improve confidence, self-esteem and mental strength while effectively fighting depression and anxiety.

4. Antispasmodic

One of the main benefits of Rose Essential Oil is that it can effectively relax the body, relieving spasms in the respiratory system and intestines, as well as muscle spasms.

Dr Couic Marinier advises: “Rose Essential Oil can help prepare your muscles before activity and recover them after, thanks to its anti-inflammatory and relaxing properties”.

5. Balances hormones

Rose Essential Oil has been shown to regulate hormone production.

What is Rose Essential Oil used for?


With its potent composition of anti-inflammatory elements, Rose Essential Oil is the ideal ingredient to harness your glow. Use topically to help reduce redness and puffiness.


With its ability to regenerate, heal and protect the epidermis, rose oil is a necessary ingredient to promote a youthful complexion.

Geranium Essential Oil and sandalwood oil are also prime combatters of premature ageing.


Rose oil has deeply nourishing properties that can leave your complexion bouncier, brighter and more luminous.

Don’t forget to lock in moisture with an Essential Oil such as marjoram oil

Where does Rose Essential Oil come from?

Rose Essential Oil has been used in beauty treatments and to treat health conditions for thousands of years. The rose itself, according to fossil evidence, is around 35 million years old, and its 150 species have been found throughout the Northern Hemisphere; from Alaska to Mexico and even northern Africa.

History of Rose Essential Oil

A worldwide phenomenon

Fossils have shown that the rose originated in Central Asia around 35 million years ago. Thanks to its unique beauty and scent, it was adopted by early civilizations such as the Chinese, Egyptians and Romans, who grew the rose widely as long as 5000 years ago.

The rose takeover

The gardeners of the Han dynasty were so obsessed with the beauty of the rose that their parks threatened to engulf the land that was required for farming.

The ‘wonder’ oil

The Incas adopted Rose Essential Oil in a variety of ways, using it as a cure-all remedy.

According to Dr Couic Marinier, “they used the grain to create a medicinal drink, the cooking water"

Facts about Rose Essential Oil


The rose in bulk

An enormous quantity of the flower is required to make Rose Essential Oil. In fact, it takes 10,000 roses to fill a 5ml bottle of rose oil.


A lengthy process

Producing Rose Essential Oil is highly intricate. Harvesting the flowers is done by hand and before sunrise. The distillation process must take place the very same day to ensure that the infamous fragrance of the rose is locked in.


The Queen of Essential Oils

Cleopatra used roses not only in her cosmetics, but also as an instrument of seduction. According to legend, she used the intoxicating aroma of Rose Essential Oil to lure Marc Anthony from the Roman Empire.Do more than just appreciate the beauty and sweet aroma of this flower; incorporate this Rose Essential Oil into your daily rituals